HOME - Posted March 28th, 2014

Penalty Kick Try &Penalty Try

Shoulders parallel with touchline. Arm angled up,

pointing towards non-offending team.

Referee's back to dead ball line. Arm raised vertically.
Free Kick

Shoulder parallel with touchline. Arm bent square at elbow, upper are pointing towards non-offending team.


Scrum awarded

Arm outstretched, waist high, towards non-offending team, for a period

of approximately five seconds.

Shoulders parallel with touchline. Arm horizontal pointing towards team to

throw in the ball.

Throw forward / forward pass Knock-on

Not releasing ball immediately in the tackle

Hands gesture as if passing an imaginary ball forward.

Arm out-stretched with open hand above head,

and moves backwards and forward.

Both hands are close to the chest, as if holding an imaginary ball.
Tackler not releasing tackled player

Tackler or tackled player not rolling away

Entering tackle from wrong direction

Arms brought together as if grasping a player and

then opening as if releasing a player.

A circular movement with the finger and arm

moving away from the body.

Arm held horizontal then sweep of the arm in a


Intentionally falling over  on a player Diving to ground near tackle

Curved arm makes gesture to imitate action of falling player. Signal is

made in direction in which offending player fell.

Straight arm gesture, pointing downwards to imitate diving action.
Unplayable ball in ruck or tackle

Award of scrum to team moving forward at time of stoppage. Shoulders parallel with the touch-line, arm horizontal pointing towards the team to

throw in the ball, then pointing the arm and hand towards the other team's goal line whilst moving it backwards and forwards.

Unplayable ball in maul

Arm out to award scrummage to side not in possession at maul commencement. Other is out as if signalling advantage

and then swing it across body with hand ending on opposite shoulder.

Joining a ruck or a maul in front of the back foot and from the side Intentionally collapsing a ruck or maul
The hand and arm are held horizontally moving sideways.

Both arms at shoulder height as if bound around opponent. Upper body is lowered and twisted as if pulling down opponent who is on top.

Prop pulling down opponent Prop pulling opponent on Wheeling scrum more than 90 degrees

Clenched fist and arm bent. Gesture imitates

pulling opponent down.

Clenched fist and arm straight, at shoulder height. Gesture imitates pulling opponent on.

Rotating index finger, above the head.
Foot-up by frontrow player Throw in at scrum not straight Handling ball in ruck or scrum

Foot raised, foot touched.

Hands at knee level imitating action of throw in

not straight.

Hand at ground level, making sweeping action,

as if handling the ball.

Failure to bind fully Throw in at lineout not straight

One arm out-stretched as if binding. Other hand moves

up and down arm to indicate the extent of a full bind.

Shoulders parallel with touch-line. Hand above head indicates the

path of the ball, not straight.

Closing gaps in lineout

Barging in lineout

Both hands at eye level, pointing up, palms inward.

Hands meet in squeezing action.

Arm horizontal, elbow pointing out. Arm and shoulder move outwards

as if barging opponent.

Leaning on player in lineout

Pushing opponent in lineout

Arm horizontal, bent at elbow, palm down. Downward gesture.

Both hands at shoulder level, with palms outward, making pushing gesture.

Early lifting and lifting in lineout

Offside at lineout

Obstruction in general play

Both fists clenched in front, at waist level,

making lifting gesture.

Hand and arm move horizontally across chest,

towards offence

Arms crossed in front of chest at right angles to

each other, like open scissors.

Offside at scrum, ruck, or maul Offside choice: Penalty kick or scrum

Offside under 10 meter Law

or not 10 meters at penalty and free kicks

Shoulders parallel with touchline. Arm hanging

straight down, swings in arc along offside line.

One arm as for penalty kick. Other arm points to

place where scrum may be taken instead of kick.

Both hands held open above head.

High tackle (foul play)

Stamping (foul play: Illegal use of boot)

Punching (foul play)

Hand moves horizontally in front of neck.

Stamping action or similar gesture

to indicate the offence.

Clenched fist punches open palm.

Dissent (disputing Referee's decision) Award of drop-out on 22 meter line Ball held up in in-goal
Outstretched arm with hand opening

and closing to imitate talking.

Arm points to center of 22 meter line.

Space between hands indicates that

ball was not grounded.

Forming a Scrum

Physiotherapist needed

Elbows bent, hands above head, fingers touching.

One arm raised indicates physiotherapist is needed for injured player.

Doctor needed

Both arms raised above head indicates a doctor and/or a stretcher is needed for injured player.

Bleeding wound

Timekeeper to stop and start watch

Arms crossed above head indicates player has bleeding injury

and may be temporarily replaced.

Arm held up in air and whistle blown when

watch should be stopped or started.

Head injury assessment required

Time off

Abducted arm flexes and extends to touch head.

Arms form a T shape.

Referee consults TMO

TMO decision:  No Try

Extended index fingers draw a rectangle to represent a television screen.

Arms crossed then uncrossed in front of the body.



Kick at goal successful

Foul play

Raises flag to indicate that the ball has gone over the crossbar

and between the posts.

Holds flag horizontally and points infield at right angles to the touchline.



Touch and team to throw in

Raises flag with one arm, moves to place of throw in and stands there, pointing with other arm towards the team entitled to throw in.